How Often To Fertilize Succulents?

Fertilizing succulents is best done sparingly, typically every 2-4 weeks during the growing season, which is spring and summer. Succulents prefer a diluted, balanced fertilizer, and over-fertilizing can harm them. During the dormant winter months, it’s best to avoid fertilization altogether.

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Fertilizing succulents should be done sparingly, typically every 2-4 weeks during their active growing season, which is spring and summer. Over-fertilizing can harm these hardy plants, so a balanced, diluted fertilizer is recommended. It’s best to avoid fertilization during their dormant winter months.

Understanding Succulent Nutrition

Before delving into the frequency of fertilizing succulents, it’s essential to understand their nutritional needs and the role of fertilizer in their growth and well-being. Succulents, like all plants, require essential nutrients for proper growth and development. These nutrients can be categorized into two main groups.


Essential for foliage growth, nitrogen is necessary for healthy, green leaves. An excess of nitrogen can lead to excessive growth and potentially make succulents more susceptible to pests.


Phosphorus plays a crucial role in root development, flower formation, and overall plant energy transfer. It is essential for the overall health and flowering of succulents.


Potassium is vital for various physiological processes, such as water uptake, disease resistance, and the activation of enzymes.

Micro Nutrients

Iron is essential for chlorophyll production, which is critical for photosynthesis. A lack of iron can result in yellowing leaves.


Manganese assists in photosynthesis, respiration, and nitrogen metabolism.Zinc is important for enzyme function and overall growth.Copper is required in small amounts for various biochemical processes in plants.Boron is important for cell wall formation, calcium uptake, and pollen tube elongation.


Molybdenum is necessary for nitrogen fixation and enzyme activity. If you’ve been wondering, Why is my succulent turning red it’s essential to note that succulents may display red pigmentation due to various factors, including stress, light exposure, or specific species traits. In their natural habitats, succulents have evolved to adapt to nutrient-poor soils, often causing them to turn red. They frequently grow in rocky or sandy soils with minimal organic matter, and this scarcity of nutrients can contribute to the reddish hues. To mimic these conditions in cultivation, it’s important not to over-fertilize succulents, as excessive nutrients can lead to various problems, including leggy growth, poor root development, or even death.

Factors Influencing Fertilization Frequency

Factors Influencing Fertilization Frequency

The ideal frequency of fertilizing your succulents depends on various factors, including the type of succulent, the growing environment, and the type of fertilizer used. Let’s break down these factors.

Succulent Type

Different succulent species have different nutrient requirements and growth patterns. Some succulents are naturally slower growers and may not need as much fertilizer, while others are more prolific and may benefit from more frequent feeding. Additionally, some succulents may be more sensitive to nutrient imbalances. It’s crucial to research the specific needs of your succulent species to determine the best fertilization approach.

Growing Environment

The growing environment plays a significant role in determining how often you should fertilize your succulents. The two primary factors to consider are. Succulents that receive intense sunlight tend to grow more vigorously and may require more frequent fertilization. In contrast, succulents grown in low light conditions will grow more slowly and may need less frequent feeding.


Temperature affects the rate of nutrient uptake and overall growth. In warmer temperatures, succulents may require more frequent fertilization, while in cooler conditions, their growth rate may slow down, reducing their nutrient demands.

Fertilizer Type

The type of fertilizer you use also impacts how often you should fertilize your succulents. There are various types of fertilizers available, including.

Liquid Fertilizers

These are water-soluble fertilizers that are mixed with water and applied directly to the soil. Liquid fertilizers are absorbed quickly, making them suitable for succulents that require more frequent feeding.

Granular Fertilizers

These are solid fertilizers that are typically applied to the soil surface. They release nutrients slowly over time, which can reduce the frequency of fertilization. Slow-release granular fertilizers are a good choice for succulents that prefer a more infrequent feeding schedule.

Organic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizers are derived from natural sources and release nutrients gradually as they break down. They are an excellent choice for succulents as they promote healthy soil and microbial activity.

Specialized Succulent Fertilizers

Some brands offer specialized succulent fertilizers designed to meet the unique needs of these plants. These products often include a balanced mix of macro and micronutrients tailored to succulent growth.

How Often to Fertilize Succulents

Now that we’ve considered the various factors that influence the frequency of fertilization, let’s discuss some general guidelines for how often to fertilize succulents.

Key PointDescription
Nutritional NeedsSucculents require essential nutrients, including macro and micro nutrients.
Factors Influencing FrequencyFertilization frequency depends on succulent type, growing environment, and fertilizer type.
Monthly FeedingFertilize once a month during the growing season (spring and summer).
Reduce Frequency in WinterHalt or reduce fertilization during the succulents’ winter dormancy.
Monitor SucculentsObserve plant health and adjust fertilization based on specific needs.
Adjust for Container SizeSmaller pots may require more frequent fertilization due to limited soil volume.

Monthly Feeding

For many succulent species, a general rule of thumb is to fertilize about once a month during the growing season. The growing season typically corresponds to spring and summer when succulents are actively growing. You can begin fertilizing in late winter or early spring and continue until late summer or early fall.To implement monthly feeding, choose a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer or a slow-release granular fertilizer and dilute it to half or a quarter of the recommended strength. Apply the diluted solution to the soil, ensuring it’s evenly distributed.

Reduce Frequency in Winter

As fall transitions into winter, most succulents enter a period of dormancy or reduced growth. During this time, it’s advisable to reduce or even halt fertilization. The reduced light and lower temperatures of winter make it less conducive for succulents to actively take up nutrients.

Instead of regular fertilization, focus on providing appropriate care during the winter months, such as monitoring watering frequency and ensuring your succulents receive adequate light without exposing them to cold drafts.

Monitor Your Succulents

While general guidelines are helpful, it’s essential to pay attention to your succulents’ specific needs. Monitor their growth and appearance to determine if they require more or less frequent feeding. Signs that your succulents may need more fertilizer include.

Pale or yellowing leaves

 This can indicate a nutrient deficiency, often of nitrogen or iron.If your succulent is stretching out with thin, weak stems, it may be seeking more light or nutrients.

Slow growth

 If your succulent’s growth has stalled or become very slow, it may benefit from more frequent feeding.Conversely, if you notice signs of over-fertilization, such as brown leaf tips, white salt deposits on the soil surface, or rapid, unhealthy growth, reduce the frequency or strength of your fertilization regimen.

Adjust Based on Container Size

The size of your succulent’s container can also affect the frequency of fertilization. Smaller pots have limited soil volume and may deplete nutrients more quickly. In such cases, you may need to fertilize more frequently, but be sure


When should I fertilize my succulents?

Fertilize your succulents during their active growing season, typically in spring and summer, and reduce or halt feeding in the dormant winter months.

How often should I feed succulents?

To keep your succulents healthy, feed them monthly during the growing season (spring and summer) and reduce or cease fertilization in winter.

How often should I fertilize my succulents indoors?

Indoors, fertilize succulents every 4-6 weeks during their growing season (spring and summer) and reduce or stop in winter.

What fertilizer is best for succulents?

A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer with a low nitrogen content is best for succulents, ensuring they receive essential nutrients without excessive growth.


Determining how often to fertilize succulents involves careful consideration of the type of succulent, its growing environment, and the type of fertilizer used. Succulents have specific nutritional needs that, when met, promote healthy growth and vibrant foliage. The general guideline of monthly feeding during the active growing season, with a reduction or cessation of fertilization in winter, provides a solid framework for most succulents. However, the key to successful succulent care is ongoing monitoring and adjustment based on the unique needs of your plants. By observing their growth and appearance and adapting your fertilization regimen accordingly, you can ensure your succulents thrive and continue to be beautiful additions to your indoor or outdoor spaces.

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